These form an extensive stretch of nearly fourteen thousand hectares of paddy fields in Thrissur district. Being located in the Central Asian Flyway, these are a favorite destination for a number of migratory birds and are the third largest location in India. Kole lands are low lying tracts located half to one meter below sea level and which remain submerged for about six months and year. These lands were formerly shallow lagoons, which gradually got silted up. The Kole wetlands are one of the largest, highly productive and threatened wetlands in Kerala and have been declared as Ramsar Site Paddy is the major crop under cultivation and after the Northeast monsoon, dewatering is done and then leveled and sprouted seeds are sowed. Double cropping is done very rarely and after the harvest, field will get flooded and entire Kole wetlands will be submerged in water. A total of one hundred and forty species of plants, two hundred and forty species of birds and about fifty three species of fishes have been identified from the Kole wetlands of Thrissur. The presence of large number of migratory birds makes the biodiversity assemblage dynamic with unique interactions across various trophic levels. Major scenic Kole land areas inThrissur include Pullu – Manakkodi area, Adatt – Puzhakkal area, Mullasseri – Venkitangu area, Anthikkad, Chenam, Kilippadam (Kakkathuruthi) - Uppungal near Kunnamkulam etc. 


  • Pullu – Manakkodi area: 12 km from Thrissur
  • Adatt – Puzhakkal area: 5 km from Thrissur
  • Mullasseri – Venkitangu area: 20 km from Thrissur
  • Anthikkad: 15km from Thrissur
  • Chenam: 12 km from Thrissur via Cherpu
  • Kilippadam (Kakkathuruthi) - Uppungal: 5 km from Kunnamkulam and 25 km from Thrissur; It extends to Uppungalkadavu in Punnayurkulam Panchayath.