The Travancore Lines or Nedumkotta as it is called in Malayalam was a legendary bulwark built across Thrissur and Cochin districts of Kerala to stop attacks from north Malabar. Designed initially to restrict access of the Calicut Zamorin in the 1760s, it soon became an all-important barrier against the onslaught of Mysorean armies under Haidar Ali Khan and Tipu Sultan in the 1780s and 90s. It was built by the Dharma Raja Karthika Thirunal of Travancore. Little remains of this edifice that once stretched from Pallippuram fort on the western seaboard near Kodungallur to Anamalai in the Western ghats, stretching across a distance of over thirty miles through Periyar and Chalakudy River plains. A prominent section of the same can be seen at Kottamuri in Melur near Koratty, where a portion is protected by State Archaeological Depertment.


  • Located in Kottamuri, 5 km from Chalakkudi

35 km from Thrissur